News: UK report says Linux is 'viable'

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Source BBC News UK Edition:

UK report says Linux is 'viable'

UK government departments moved a step closer to using open-source
operating systems such as Linux after a study found that they were
"viable" products.

The software could "generate significant savings", according to the
Office of Government Commerce (OGC).

The popularity of programs like Linux, which are essentially free, have
grown as firms and countries look to limit their dependence on software
producers.

Companies such as Microsoft have the most to lose should Linux use spread.

Challenge?

Microsoft is the world's largest software maker and its Windows
operating system is found on nine out of every 10 personal computers.

It also makes products for servers, though has a smaller share of the
market.

While companies such as Microsoft earn money by licensing and charging
for use of their products, Linux code is freely available.

That means anyone can modify it or develop applications for it.

However, deploying Linux still comes with a price tag for customisation
and installing the software, and staff training.

For some governments and firms, especially in the developing world, the
result is more flexibility and reduced costs.

China, Japan and South Korea have agreed to work together and develop an
Asian version of Linux.

Governments in Germany and France have installed Linux systems in recent
months.

The German city of Munich has decided to switch 14,000 of its personal
computers to a Linux-based operating system and Paris is said to have
considered a similar move.

Momentum

John Oughton, chief executive of the OGC, said that the pilot schemes in
the UK show that Linux "could support government bodies by offering
efficient and cost-effective IT solutions".

"This report will assist public sector bodies in making informed,
value-for-money judgements when deciding upon which solutions best suits
their needs."

The pilot schemes found that using Linux can extend the life of
equipment and limit the number of servers need to run programs.

It also said that there were "potential green" benefits, as well as the
cost cutting.

It is not all one-way traffic, however, and Microsoft has been cutting
the cost of its products to retain customers.

It also has increased access to its programming code and says that it
often has to pick up the pieces when a switch to Linux has failed.

A Microsoft spokesperson, commenting on the OGC report, said that the
company understands the UK government has to "promote a level playing
field and to foster increased competition".

"However, having read the report in detail, the findings do not align
fully with feedback we regularly receive from our customers in the
market place who have evaluated Microsoft software against Open Source
software."